Micro Discectomy / Laminectomy
Minimally Invasive Cervical Discectomy is the removal of the portion of the disc that has herniated, causing compression on the nerve.
Minimally Invasive Cervical Laminectomy is the removal of the posterior structures causing compression on the nerve.
These microsurgeries are performed through an incision less than ½ inch long. Muscles are dilated and spread (not cut) to provide a portal to the back of the vertebrae for the surgeon to work. The surgeon cuts a small opening through the lamina bone on the back of the spinal column and, viewing through a tiny microscope, locates and removes the herniated disc that was putting pressure on spinal nerves (discectomy). Muscles of the back are returned to their normal position and the skin incision is repaired with absorbable sutures. A Band-Aid is placed over the incision.
Conditions Treated by Micro Disectomy/Laminectomy
Microdiscectomy primarily fixes herniated and bulging discs. The problem with these two conditions is that they put pressure on the nerves of the spine. This pressure causes numbness and weakness in the surrounding areas. Sometimes the nerve becomes pinched. When this happens, surgery is a must.
Your doctor may recommend laminectomy when you have spinal cord compression with symptoms of myelopathy or spinal stenosis. Myelopathy is impaired function of the spinal cord. Symptoms include weakness, pain, numbness, clumsiness, poor balance, difficulty walking, and stiffness in the extremities. The goal of laminectomy is to relieve spinal pressure to stop myelopathy progression and allow healing.
Benefits of Micro Discectomy/Laminectomy
- smaller incisions
- faster, non-complicated healing
- less blood loss
- less pain
- quicker rehabilitation
In addition, the Minimally Invasive Cervical Discectomy and Laminectomy are both done as an outpatient procedure, have a quick recovery and a very good long-term prognosis. With only a short course of pain medication after the surgery and a short course of physical therapy, patients can usually resume normal activities in 2-3 weeks.
Risks include the possibility of recurring disc herniation as well as those risks normally associated with general anesthesia.
Microdiscectomy is considered to have relatively high rates of success, especially in relieving patients’ leg pain (sciatica). Patients are usually able to return to a normal level of activity fairly quickly.
The majority of people who undergo microlaminectomy do experience a reduction in their back pain symptoms. You may not know if the surgery reduced your back pain until about six weeks or more after the laminectomy.
If you have questions about spinal stenosis or the minimally invasive spine procedures offered by DISC of Louisiana, please contact us to schedule an evaluation at one of our clinics across the south Louisiana region.
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