Micro Discectomy / Laminectomy

Micro Discectomy / Laminectomy

Minimally Invasive Cervical Discectomy is the removal of the portion of the disc that has herniated, causing compression on the nerve.

Minimally Invasive Cervical laminectomy is the removal of the posterior structures causing compression on the nerve.

These microsurgeries are performed through an incision less than ½ inch long. Muscles are dilated and spread (not cut) to provide a portal to the back of the vertebrae for the surgeon to work. The surgeon cuts a small opening through the lamina bone on the back of the spinal column and, viewing through a tiny microscope, locates and removes the herniated disc that was putting pressure on spinal nerves (discectomy). Muscles of the back are returned to their normal position and the skin incision is repaired with absorbable sutures.  A Band-Aid is placed over the incision.

The Benefits

  • smaller incisions
  • faster, non-complicated healing
  • less blood loss
  • less pain
  • quicker rehabilitation

In addition, the Minimally Invasive Cervical Discectomy and Laminectomy are both done as an outpatient procedure, have a quick recovery and a very good long-term prognosis. With only a short course of pain medication after the surgery and a short course of physical therapy, patients can usually resume normal activities in 2-3 weeks.

Risks include the possibility of recurring disc herniation as well as those risks normally associated with general anesthesia.

Related Medical Terms:

Cervical – of or pertaining to any neck

Cervical Myelopathy – compression of the spinal cord in the neck

Cervicalgia – a general term used to describe pain in the neck

Degenerative Disc Disease – arthritis of the spine, usually in the neck or lower back

Herniated Disc –  Often referred to as a pinched nerve, and bulging disc, a problem with one of the shock absorbers (discs) between the individual bones (vertebrae) that stack up to make your spine.  A spinal disc is a little like a jelly donut, with a softer center encased within a tougher exterior. Sometimes called a slipped disc or a ruptured disk, a herniated disk occurs when some of the softer “jelly” pushes out through a crack in the tougher exterior.  A herniated disc can irritate nearby nerves and result in pain, numbness or weakness in an arm or leg.

Lamina – The back part of the vertebra that covers the spinal canal

Laminotomy—A procedure whereby a surgeon cuts a small opening through the lamina bone on the back of the spinal column in order to see and work inside the spinal canal

Radiculopathy – A disease of the root of a nerve, such as from a pinched nerve or a tumor.  Often, an arm or a leg is affected

Spondylolisthesis – The condition in which one vertebral body is slipped forward over another.

Spondylosis – A general term for age-related wear and tear of the spinal discs.

Stenosis – The abnormal narrowing of a passage in the body.

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